Pajamas or pyjamas, normally shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can seek advice from quite a few associated varieties of garments originating with the Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are unfastened-fitting clothes derived from the first garment and worn chiefly for sleeping,[one] but sometimes also for lounging,[2] also by the two sexes.[3] Far more normally, pajamas may well seek advice from various clothes, for both of those daywear and nightwear, derived from traditional pajamas and involving variants of style and substance.

The phrase pyjama [4] was borrowed c. 1800 within the Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), by itself borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'.[five][6] The first pyjāmā are free, light-weight trousers equipped with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans throughout East India Enterprise rule in India.[seven][eight]

The worldwide use of pajamas (the term and the garment) is the results of adoption by British colonists in India during the 18th and nineteenth generations, plus the British affect on the wider Western globe throughout the Victorian era. Pajamas had been introduced to England as "lounging apparel" as early as the seventeenth century, then often known as mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) However they shortly fell out of trend. The term pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the initial 50 % from the nineteenth century. They did not become a trend in Britain as well as Western globe as sleeping attire for men right until the Victorian period, from about 1870.[9]

Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Terms and Phrases (1886) summarizes the point out of use at the time (s.v. "pyjammas"):

Such a garment is used by a variety of folks in India e.g. by Females of varied courses, by Sikh Adult males, and many by Mohammedans of both of those sexes. It was adopted in the Mohammedans by Europeans as an write-up of dishabille and of evening attire, and it is synonymous with Prolonged Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It can be probable that we English took the practice like a good quite a few Other folks in the Portuguese. So Pyrard (c. 1610) claims, in speaking of Goa Healthcare facility: "Ils ont power calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The term is currently used in London stores. A pal furnishes the subsequent reminiscence: "The late zenske pidzame Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Road, some on forty several years ago, in reply to a matter why pyjammas had ft sewn on to them (as was at times the situation with Individuals furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I think, Sir, it truly is because of the White Ants."[ten]


Conventional pajamas encompass a jacket-and-trousers combination product of tender material, such as flannel or light-weight cotton.[11] The jacket element ordinarily provides a placket front and its sleeves haven't any cuffs.[12] Many people decide to rest or lounge in only the pajama pants, possibly having a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. This is why, pajama pants for men and boys in many cases are offered as separates.

In colloquial speech, these regular pajamas tend to be named PJs, jim jams, or jammies.[thirteen] In South Asia and South Africa, they are sometimes often called night suits.

Some pajamas element a drop seat (also called a entice door or butt flap): a buttoned opening inside the seat, meant to allow the wearer to conveniently make use of a rest room. Fall seats had been quite common on pajamas built before the nineteen fifties, but from the early 20-initial century They can be alternatively uncommon.

Modern pajamas are derived from classic pajamas. There are many variations in type which include brief sleeve pajamas,[14] pajama bottoms[15] of various size,[sixteen] or, every now and then, 1-piece pajamas,[17] and pajamas incorporating a variety of elements. Mainly during the US, extend-knit slumber clothing with rib-knit trimmings are popular. Usually worn by youngsters, these clothes often have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if just one-piece), and could also be footed.

Although pajamas are often distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping garments including nightgowns, inside the US, they've got at times incorporated the latter like a best. Babydoll pyjamas Possess a type of brief costume major about shorts or limited pants.[eighteen]

Pajamas may perhaps currently seek advice from Girls's mixture daywear, especially in the US where by they grew to become well-known within the early twentieth century, consisting of short-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and light-weight pants. Samples of these incorporate capri pajamas, beach pajamas, and hostess pajamas.[19]

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